Baseball is a stick-and-ball sport. It is similar to cricket and méta.
A baseball team has nine players.
The two boundary lines
divide the field into
fair territory and
Fair territory is between the lines.
Foul territory is outside the lines.
The infield is the area in fair territory inside the square made by the bases.
The outfield is the rest of fair territory farther from home base.
At the beginning of a game, each team declares their
This is the sequence in which the 9 players will take their turn as batters when that team is on offense.
The batting order is a cycle; when the last batter is finished, the first batter takes another turn.
The teams alternate roles on offense
The visiting team begins the game on offense.
The home team begins on defense.
The team currently on offense stays off the field
in their bench area.
The offense sends the next player in the batting order onto the field as a batter who tries to hit the game ball with a bat onto fair territory so he can become a base runner (or runner) who touches every base in the proper order—first, second, third, and home—to score a run (a point) for his team.
Batters and runners must wear helmets.
The team on defense occupies the playing field (and so they
are called fielders).
Fielders may wear a leather glove on one hand (the non-throwing hand) to catch the game ball.
They use the game ball to put out (eliminate) the other team's batters and runners before they can score runs.
Generally speaking, a runner is safe
(that is, he cannot be put out)
whenever he is touching a base with any part of his body.
If a runner thinks it unwise to advance further on a given play (usually that means that the game ball is near), then he can stop at an unoccupied base and wait for another opportunity to advance toward home base.
Only one runner can be safe at a given base at a time.
If two runners touch the same base simultaneously,
at least one of them remains at risk of being put out.
Also, the batting order is the running order; runners may not pass each other.
Here are the four most common ways that the defense can put out batters or runners:
When three outs are made, the teams reverse roles; the team on defense goes to their bench area and becomes the offense, and the players of the team recently on offense pick up their gloves and go onto the field as the defense.
Each cycle of six outs (three for each team) is called an inning.
The winning team is the one that scores the most runs
after a regulation number of innings (nine for adults,
six or seven for younger players).
If after nine innings the score is tied, the teams continue to play extra innings until one team finally has more runs at the end of an inning.
There is no clock.
The game continues until the ending conditions are met, and one team is declared the winner.